Southwest Sumba is a western part of Sumba that offers a number of rich and exotic natural and cultural destinations. Within a day of traveling, you can enjoy a variety of destinations that are located close to each other and easily accessible.
West Sumba offers Pasola as an icon of Sumba’s famous tourism. In this district, you will also find Nihi Hotel, which has become the best hotel in the world, achieved because it is located in a land that is rich and exotic in nature and culture.
Central Sumba offers its hidden natural beauty, the expanse of mountains like heavenly paintings in northern Sumba and the rituals and villages of Marapu that exude mysterious magical powers.
Pasola begins after the Rato Nyale set an implementation date based on their reading of natural phenomena, namely the position of the moon or the sign of the appearance of a full moon (the result of the meditations of Rato Nyale according to Marapu's beliefs).
In the early hours of the morning before the start of Pasola, the community goes to the beach to pick up the Nyale (sea worm that appeared on the beach) as a Pasola procession.
After a number of traditional rituals are carried out by Rato Nyale, the Pasola participants gather at the Pasola arena to form two front-facing camps waiting for Rato to enter the center of the field to draw a horse as a sign Pasola begin.
Determination of the date of the Pasola is carried out at the end of January by the Rato Nyale without the intervention of any party so that it is purely in accordance with the prevailing local customs and authenticity.
WullaPoddu comes from the word “whulla” which means month and “poddu” which means bitter. It is called bitter because in that month there were a number of prohibitions that should not be violated known as “pamali.” WullaPoddu is known as the holy month where citizens must carry out rituals and obey a set of rules including not hitting the gong, building houses, lamenting the dead, attend parties, and etc. If a person violates these prohibitions, they will be subjected to customary sanctions according to the violation committed. WullaPoddu begins during the full moon in October until the full moon in November. The timing is determined by the Rato, the elderly leaders, depending on natural phenomena and the position of the moon in the sky. The practice is called bitter because it relates to the abstinence that must be lived to achieve holiness.
In the Marapu religion, the original belief of the Sumba People, WullaPoddu is believed to be the month of cleansing, returning humans to their origins, and living in harmony with nature and their ancestors. Nature’s function is restored through a number of traditional rituals in order to not anger and continue to provide for its people to form harmony between nature, people, and animals.
During the WullaPoddu period, a unique habit that often garners attention is the presence of a group of men who choose to hunt wild pigs in the forest near villages using spears and wearing clothes made from tree bark.
WullaPoddu is carried out at the UmbuKoba traditional village, South Wewewa District, Southwest Sumba Regency.
Rambe Manu is a place where locals fought the Dutch by using large stones and fragments of branches to forge and crush the enemy. The situation was supported by a reconnaissance team from the forest by imitating animal sounds. The Dutch troops who came to attack were all killed at the foot of Rambe Manu hill by rocks and large wooden branches. Wonakaka’s army achieved victory and the disappointed Lieutenant Bradsen angrily withdrew the rest of his troops in order to rearrange his strategy.
Later on, around May of 1931, Lieutenant Bradsen returned and guarded the Rambe Manu fort area so that Wonakaka’s trooped lacked food. They could do nothing and decided to leave the area because it was in accordance with the wishes entrusted to him. He prayed to the gods and ancestors for heavy rain and lightning, resulting in the Dutch army coming out of the fort to be speared by Wonakaka’s army who successfully escaped.
Wonakaka and his troops travelled from one place to another where he built a fort to defend himself from enemy attacks. During his second refugee period at Rambe Manu, his wife gave birth to a daughter named Pati Ice Pedewhich means bitter starch. His wife, WaratWona, was famously known as the main aide and protector of her husband, resulting in her continuously being followed by Dutch troops. She was later shot dead along with two other mothers at LokoTalora upon her return from Manola. Her body was buried in GolluKaweret.
Museum Rumah Budaya Sumba is a museum of Sumba culture cultivated by a Pastor who is an observer and cultural activist. The museum also functions as a center for Sumba cultural studies where tourists who want to get information and explore about Sumba culture can visit. There people can see firsthand Sumba traditional house models and various community items found in Sumba from ancient times. The service and hospitality the museum has to offer is due to the service of the Pastor and his assistants. To complete the needs of visitors, this museum provides accommodation with a blend of modern architecture and a touch of style preserved in traditional Sumba houses as well as special lodging for back packers.
Wee Lewo Traditional Village Site is an old village where people in the Wewewe area first lived. There are nine houses there called Uma Kalada) and hundred original old stone graves and ancient ancestral remains such as Parang made of brass, machetes with handles made of ivory, an old gong, trommel made of human skin, sacred states, and etc. Wee Lewo village is famous for its sacred places. Every village in Southwest Sumba has a large yard as a slaughterhouse called Natara, but Wee Lewo’snatara only measures 3x3m even though traditional ceremonies usually accommodate up to a hundred people in the area. In addition, there are also traditional houses where lighting is not allowed and specific procedures must be obeyed. There are also sacred places where visitors are not allowed to enter. The many peculiarities of the village is evident that the people in Wee Lewo maintain the existence and tradition of the Marapu that continues to be passed on from generation to generation. Wee Lewo village is often visited by tourists who cross the Tambolaka – Waikabubak – Waingapu line because it is located close to the main line and is only 10 minutes away from the main road.
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To enjoy a relaxing and slow-paced nature vacation, Sumba Tourism offers Sumba tour packages for people that are not only fun but also romantic such as enjoying dinner packages for couples, seeing traditional Sumba ceremonies, biking with family exploring the village atmosphere, enjoying waterfalls, trekking in the forest and villages, and holiday activities with other children. We guarantee that every package we offer is the best, cheapest, without any additional costs.
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