This rite is performed across the area of West Sumba, especially in Loli. Wulla Poddu is performed between October to November each year in several village in the district.:
MENGENAI Wulla Poddu
WullaPoddu comes from the word “whulla” which means month and “poddu” which means bitter. It is called bitter because in that month there were a number of prohibitions that should not be violated known as “pamali.” WullaPoddu is known as the holy month where citizens must carry out rituals and obey a set of rules including not hitting the gong, building houses, lamenting the dead, attend parties, and etc. If a person violates these prohibitions, they will be subjected to customary sanctions according to the violation committed. WullaPoddu begins during the full moon in October until the full moon in November. The timing is determined by the Rato, the elderly leaders, depending on natural phenomena and the position of the moon in the sky. The practice is called bitter because it relates to the abstinence that must be lived to achieve holiness.
In the Marapu religion, the original belief of the Sumba People, WullaPoddu is believed to be the month of cleansing, returning humans to their origins, and living in harmony with nature and their ancestors. Nature’s function is restored through a number of traditional rituals in order to not anger and continue to provide for its people to form harmony between nature, people, and animals.
During the WullaPoddu period, a unique habit that often garners attention is the presence of a group of men who choose to hunt wild pigs in the forest near villages using spears and wearing clothes made from tree bark.
WullaPoddu is carried out at the UmbuKoba traditional village, South Wewewa District, Southwest Sumba Regency.